There are two types of surgical procedures that individuals with burn injuries may require:
Skin grafting is a procedure done to cover burn wounds and promote wound healing. Skin grafts are generally required for deep second-degree burns and third-degree burns; superficial second-degree burns will often heal without skin grafting. Skin grafts can be used on almost any area of the body to replace destroyed tissue with healthy tissue, providing a covering for the wound and promoting healing of the burn.
Once a burn has healed, dermabrasion is performed to improve the appearance of scars, restore function, and reverse disfigurement caused by a severe burn injury. Dermabrasion is typically done on the face, arms, and hands, as these are areas often seen by others. Although dermabrasion may not remove all evidence of the burn injury, it can significantly improve cosmesis.