Types of Scars

Types of Scars

Scar formation is an inevitable part of healing after a burn injury. There are many factors that determine the extent of scarring, including location and depth of the burn, patient’s age and sex, and even ethnicity. There are three major types of scars that may result from a burn injury:

  • Keloid Scars: These result from an excessively aggressive healing process which causes scar tissue overgrowth. In keloid scars, the scar tissue extends beyond the borders of the injury. These scars may be pink or red, and they will fade over time to a dark tan color.
  • Hypertrophic Scars: These scars are similar to keloid scars, but they do not spread beyond the borders of the wound/injured site. They are red in color and are raised above the level of the skin.
  • Contractures: Skin that has been burned, particularly over a joint, may result in scarred tissue that is tight and inflexible. This can impair movement of the joint and affect underlying structures such as nerves and muscles.

Click on the links below to learn more about each specific type of scar tissue: