A contracture scar is a permanent tightening of skin that may affect the underlying muscles and tendons that limit mobility and possible damage or degeneration of the nerves. Contractures develop when normal elastic connective tissues are replaced with inelastic fibrous tissue. This makes the tissues resistant to stretching and prevents normal movement of the affected area.
Physical Therapy, pressure and exercise in many cases can aid in controlling contracture burn scars. If these treatments do not control the effects of contracture scars, surgery may be required. A skin graft or a flap procedure may be performed. Additionally your doctor may recommend a new technique such as Z-Plasty or tissue expansion.